Actinides in HD 101065 (Przybylski’s Star)

Author:  Cowley, C. R.; Hubrig, S.; Bord, D. J.

American Astronomical Society Meeting 202, #32.09; Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 35, p.744

There are many strange things about the abundances in Przybylski’s star (HD 101065). The most recent study (MN, 217, 299, 2000) finds that among the elements through copper, the abundances scatter with no apparent pattern. The largest deviations from solar are found for magnesium, which may be deficient by somewhat more than 1 dex, and cobalt, which appears to be in excess by about the same amount.The heavier elements especially those beyond barium, and continuing through the actinides uranium and thorium, show a clear pattern and a remarkable przybylskis-starcoherence. We plot solar and stellar abundances on a logarithmic plot vs. atomic number Z, and displace the solar points upward by some 3 dex. While individual points do not overlap, there is a remarkable similarity in the overall trends from Z = 58-80, including the maxima caused in the solar case by the third r-process peak. Points for the displaced solar actinides fall near their stellar counterparts.

The processes that produced the large enhancements of these heavy elements have not caused large fractionations of adjacent elements.

We have new spectra from the ESO UVES spectrograph on UT2. Resolution is 80,000 (blue) and 110,000 (red), with S/N > 300. This material, and new oscillator strengths (AA 381, 1090,2002; AA 382, 368, 2002), allow a more complete analysis of U and Th. We find abundances near +2.5 for both elements (log(H) = 12), but uncertainties at the moment are surely +/- 0.3 dex. We are currently working to improve the accuracy. Current errors preclude the use of these observations for accurate cosmochronometry, even if the chemical differentiation were not relevant.

If a U/Th ratio of unity could be taken at face value, it would imply an r-process event some 103 years ago. Thanks to B. Pfeiffer help and advice.


It is generally accepted that chemical anomalies in main sequence stars are fractionations due to radiative and gravitational forces. This is a plausible explanation for HD 101065. We see for the heavier elements a displaced solar abundance pattern. This holds more or less from barium through uranium (but not for the lighter elements). We must assume that the excesses, which are of the order of 1000 to 10 000 times the solar values occurred more or less uniformly. There appear to be no heavy elements that are underabundant, which can occur for some HgMn stars. Thus, if the current U/Th ratio was originally solar, we assume each element was enhanced by roughly a factor of 600.

On the other hand, if the abundances of the heavy elements are due to nuclear processing, then the r-process must be invoked, since uranium and thorium are not produced in the s-process.

Neither Tables 3 nor 4 have entries of U/Th with the value 0.44, which we for HD 101065. But numerous subjective choices led to this result. Had we chosen to weight the “best” Th II line somewhat less–say 1/3 rather than 1/2 the average of the 12 lines in Table 5, we would have a ratio of 0.36, in reasonable agreement with the last entry of Table 3 (Model No. 1).

Model 2 would accommodate the ratio 0.44 for a supernova event 2 to 4 billion years ago (see Table 4). This would be reasonable for a star of mass 1.4 solar masses (F5). Przybylski would be happy with such a mass and the corresponding temperature (ca. 6300K). These stellar parameters conflict with the (subjective?) judgements of other workers, who believe the star is hotter than the 6600K value of Teff used by CRKBMB. They also conflict with the photometric estimate by North for the age of the star.

A resolution of this might be obtained if reliable information could be obtained for the 235U/238U ratio. Thus a further investigation is indicated.

 So anyways, I thought it was cool that our family has a star with the same name… Przybylski’s star. Google Your name and see what you find. Here is what I Get When I Google: Ed Przybylski

Thanks for reading.



Posted in Home | 2 Comments

Singer Joe Cocker Dies at 70 Losing a Battle With Cancer

Joe Cocker (real name John Robert Cocker) passed away on December 22, 2014.

He was known for his raspy, gravelly voice and jerky seizure like movements. Before he passed, the icon, Billy Joel said in a concert that Joe, More than anyone should be already inducted into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame. Billy did a tribute song for Joe letting people know that Joe had been ill and wasn’t doing very well. He lived to the age of 70 but sang his famous “With a Little Help From My Friends” as far back as Woodstock in 1969.


Joe Cocker was born in 1944 and had his singing debut at his older brothers gig when he was only 12 years old. In 1960 he formed a little band called the Cavaliers which broke up after a year. But he got right back in the game and became Vance Arnold of Vance Arnold and the Avengers.joe-cocker

Joe’s first and biggest hit was a rearrangement of the Beatle’s song “With a Little Help From My Friends.” Later on Beatle’s Paul McCartney and George Harrison were so impressed by his rendition that they allowed Cocker to use more of their songs.

Later on he was featured on Saturday Night Live. But he had a problem with drugs and alcohol. In fact he had a lot of issues showing up to his live performances due to his battle with alcoholism. Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr paid tribute to Joe Cocker at his funeral. R.I.P. Joe…

Posted in Home | 1 Comment

Viral Marketing? YouTube Recaps the 2014 Viral Video Trends.

YouTube Rewind 2014 kicks off with “Turn Down for 2014”

If you have been trying to figure out how to make your marketing go viral maybe you should view YouTube’s 2014 recap. One thing is for certain, you might want to consider making your marketing ENTERTAINING. People stay on YouTube watching video after video for pure entertainment purposes. So if you are marketing anything yu may want to spice it up with a little bit of entertainment.YouTubeRecap2014

So anyways, I am not going to turn this into some big lesson in marketing (although you may want to check out PewDewPie’s YouTube channel as he is the most subscribed channel in YouTube for all time). The recap includes tons of people in from the wildly popular Ice Bucket Challenge. The last 2 years recap videos have surpassed 100,000,000 views so you may want to check out what is going on here!


p.s. Get on my email list for some cool updates

Think About It…


Ed Przybylski
Oh And If You want Any More Thought Provoking Marketing Observations


Posted in Home | Leave a comment

What is | The Income Method is Here

What is

Well Before I get into exactly what actually is I will tell you that you will find it right here! Secondly, I am an affiliate so let’s get real… When you Decide To Join I will earn a commission.

www.TheIncomeMethod.comThe income method is simply a system to earn income. Now I could say a job is a way to earn income. But I am not talking about the slavery of a job. Jobs and income are almost like 2 forces fighting against each other. A job means you have to give up hours for dollars. It really doesn’t matter what your job is or your hourly wage. You only have so much time in the day. So even if you make $100 an hour and you work 10 hours a day you are limited to $1000a day. What if I told you that entrepreneurs make money in their sleep.

So  what are ways you can earn more money for less time? That’s what we try to show you in The Other ways besides a job are the better ways to earn income.

For instance, earning residual income rocks. (see residual income at  A friend of mine had his own website system set up and was charging $19.95 a month. He had 1900 people paying him every month. That is what we call a membership site. Now in the income method we also have your own built in membership commissions coming straight to you every single month. So for example, we have available different membership levels of $25 a month, $100 a month, and $47 a month. All of these levels pay you a 70% commission. I have over 450 people who have signed up with me at just the $25 level. You do the math – residual memberships ROCK!

Another type of income is what we call BIG TICKET Money. This is where your profit per sale is incredibly higher for the same amount of work. An example of This Income Method is say in sales. You could walk into a store and shop for the best blender. A sales person could come out and tell you the difference between all the blenders and all the benefits and features. You could also go through the same process by stepping into an automobile dealership. Obviously there is a much higher available profit margin for the person selling “The Big Ticket” item. Maybe Thousands of Dollars of profit vs. $5 or $10 bucks. We have both inside of the Income Method.

Something that also creates a lot more income for you is automatic upsells. Like when you walk into McDonald’s and all you want is a small milkshake. What is the first frieswithatshakething they ask you? Do You Want Fries With That Shake? Then they ask “Would you like to make that a meal?” and “Would you like to super size that?” The art of the upsell. What if you could offer an incredible deal for say $7 to try out a million dollar system which automatically leads to residual commissions for you and top tier big ticket upsells for you as well? Pretty Powerful.

Another thing to consider is simple ways to get more profit from every sale. Think of this; when you sell that car a lot of money has to go for the making of the car which eats into your profit. However, what about an education product? How much does it cost to add one student to a classroom or to sell one more digitally hosted product? You got it… Almost nothing! Digital products rock too.

All those money making methods are wrapped up inside of But there is one other thing included in the income method.  See we know that 90% of the people out there have never had a business. Therefore they have no idea what to do to Get Something Profitable Going. But franchises like McDonald’s and Burger king, Subway and Jani King lay out step by step how to get those businesses up and running full steam ahead. That is exactly what does for you. It helps you set up step by step a profitable business. I like to call it the Home Franchise Model.

Check it out and take this million dollar Home Franchise Model for a test drive. Go Now to

Posted in Home | Leave a comment

Empower Networks Dirty Little Secret

Dirty Little Secret  Most People Don’t Know…

  Empower Networks DIRTY BIG Secret!

  Do You Know The Dirty Little Secret
  … Click Here  For The Untold Secret
Posted in Home | Leave a comment Review – Avoid Saadhost like Ebola!

So you are looking for cheap hosting, well you should avoid Saadhost as if it were the Ebola virus!

So just a quick heads up, I have many websites and even more domains. In fact I probably have around 100 domains at any given time just in my GoDaddy Account. Normally I use these different named domains to give people something easy to remember, easy to type, or as a method to track my traffic.go-daddy-danica

So back to Saadhost. I bought another domain name through GoDaddy last month. I use them for the majority of my hosting. However, I use outside hosts for my blogs and actual website content. So it goes something like this: I buy a domain from GoDaddy, get some outside hosting – usually from hostgator, pop up a blog in 5-10 minutes, and start adding some content.

This Time I had this list of cheap hosting companies from someone I know. So I clicked a link and got me some hostin from Saadhost. I took, like I always do, and went into GoDaddy and forwarded my nameservers over to this saad (no wonder their name is sad). About a week later I went and uploaded wordpress to the site… It only takes like 3 minutes.

It was a work in progress and I was really in no rush to get my content up. In fact, I hadn’t made a single post or even chosen my blog theme. It still had that “hello world this is just another wordpress blog” quote on the front.

The next thing I know I get an email telling me my hosting is suspended for phishing. Phishing? What the #@!$%. I didn’t even put a site up or create an email. I go to my blog and here is what I see…


So I go to contact them and see what the issue is. Keep in mind I paid the full year of hosting in advance. They say they cannot tell me what was done in violation of their terms of service. So, I have my account closed, they won’t provide any proof, I haven’t even set up the site yet, and to top it off they won’t refund. Any ways, we go back and forth for a half dozen emails.

Now mind you, It really was a waste of my time over a measly $17.94 but it is the principle of the thing. Or rather the lack of principles for this Saadhosting company. They basically kept the money and didn’t leave me any recourse, rhyme or reason as to how I was supposedly phishing, and no solution to their B.S. What kind of company is that?

They also have No Phone contact (hostgator does). They do have a chat window but every time I have ever gone on for support chat their has been no support available, EVER!  So basically you’ve got to go through email. Top it all off they are in Malaysia and pretty much untouchable.

Now, just to clarify, I am not a Phisherman, pun intended. I am not worried about $18 either. I just think a company that sucks this bad should be exposed before you go and throw away your money, no matter if it was hard earned or easily gotten.

On the other hand, I have used Hostgator for many sites throughout the years. They DO have a customer service line. They DO have chat support. They do have email support. Any time I have had any minor issues with anything they have  always bent over backwards to help and have been great service providers. All that good stuff applies to godaddy as well. If you want to do your thang on Hostgator check it here:

ebola-03-reutersIn conclusion, on this Saadhost review and my unfortunate experience here are my tips: Godaddy is good. Hostgator is awesome.


And, Avoid Saadhost like an Ebola plague!

Posted in Home | Leave a comment

What the Heck is iPas2?


Posted in Home | Leave a comment

Top Producer Formula Review, Bonuses, and Discount?

This Empower Network Top Producer Formula Review may hold the secret to your success.  First of all, What is top producer formula? It is simply a complete set of instructions from one of the most successful entrepreneurs ever on exactly how you too can be a Top Producer.

I purposely joined David Wood when he joined a new network marketing company called Numis. The company he was in before that, had decided not to have a network marketing division any more.  So David popped into Numis and I knew he was a super star rocking the industry. So I quickly joined in on his downline.


Now I was already a top producer in 2 companies but I wanted to see what in the heck he was doing. So I got in and went to work. By the way “WORK” is one thing ALL Top Producers have in common.

I moved up in the ranks very quickly until David gave me a call to find out who I was. There is another cool tip: work hard and perform and leaders inyour organization will contact you. You really need to Earn Their Attention by doing whatever it takes.

So any ways, watch my Top Producer Formula Review video. Get your Free “5 Key Elements to being a Top Producer.” Also hear about My Personal Bonus in the video when you Decide To Get Happily Involved with our product. By the way I am in the top 50 earners out of 300,000 members in the company I work now.

Check out the video and watch out for my other Top Producer Formula reviews.

And here is where you can get the “5 key Elements to becoming a Top Producer” FREE Report.

Posted in Home | 2 Comments